|Cloze Strategy Summary|
• Know your instructional goal when deciding how to construct a Cloze passage; choose your text carefully (err on too easy).
• Provide explicit modeling of the strategies you want students to use.
• Remind students to complete reading the passage first.
• Think of several possibilities, then choose the best one. • Reread the whole passage at the end.
• Fill in easy blanks first.
• Encourage students to transfer the strategies they use doing cloze to their independent reading.
• Holding meaning/liking thoughts and ideas (semantics)
• Teaching form and structure (syntax)
• Using context clues
• Using vocabulary
• Reading in segments rather than word by word
• Predicting and summarizing skills
• Monitoring and repairing comprehension strategies
• Create an ethos of “fun”, of completing a challenging puzzle.
• Capitalize on Cloze as an opportunity for building vocabulary and using context clues.
• Worry less about scoring, but rather look for logical answers and strategy use.
• Provide shorter, more frequent practice at Cloze rather than subjecting students to long, difficult passages.
• Vary the types of Cloze passages you ask students to do so they don’t “burn out” and view it as just a drill.
• Variety, variety, variety! Use multiple means of supporting the omissions, i.e., supplied, blanks various parts of speech, blanks key vocabulary, words supplied at bottom of page/side of page/below blank, words supplied and similar by spelling or meaning, partial word blank, number of spaces per letters in omitted word, etc.
• Have students talk “out loud” about why they made the word choices they did – the strategies they used.