Wednesday, 16 April 2014

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Cloze Strategy Summary
Cloze Strategies

Process

• Know your instructional goal when deciding how to construct a Cloze passage; choose your text carefully (err on too easy).

• Provide explicit modeling of the strategies you want students to use.

• Remind students to complete reading the passage first.

• Think of several possibilities, then choose the best one. • Reread the whole passage at the end.

• Fill in easy blanks first.

• Encourage students to transfer the strategies they use doing cloze to their independent reading.

 

Strategies Utilized

• Holding meaning/liking thoughts and ideas (semantics)

• Teaching form and structure (syntax)

• Using context clues

• Using vocabulary

• Reading in segments rather than word by word

• Predicting and summarizing skills

• Monitoring and repairing comprehension strategies

 

Other Considerations

• Create an ethos of “fun”, of completing a challenging puzzle.

• Capitalize on Cloze as an opportunity for building vocabulary and using context clues.

• Worry less about scoring, but rather look for logical answers and strategy use.

• Provide shorter, more frequent practice at Cloze rather than subjecting students to long, difficult passages.

• Vary the types of Cloze passages you ask students to do so they don’t “burn out” and view it as just a drill.

• Variety, variety, variety! Use multiple means of supporting the omissions, i.e., supplied, blanks various parts of speech, blanks key vocabulary, words supplied at bottom of page/side of page/below blank, words supplied and similar by spelling or meaning, partial word blank, number of spaces per letters in omitted word, etc.

• Have students talk “out loud” about why they made the word choices they did – the strategies they used.